HUGE BLACK FRIDAY Russian Course SALE (60% OFF + 3 Days Only): LEARN MORE
Home > Lessons > Russian Verb: Быть (To Be)

Russian Verb: Быть (To Be)

Russian people use the verb to be in future and past tenses, but present tense only for specific situations. They use a dash instead of the present tense form of the verb to be to make sentences, e.g. Моя мать - врач (My mother is a doctor). However, past and future tenses have to be conjugated as it is shown in the following table.

Russian Verb Conjugator

**ImperfectiveAspect****Perfective Aspect**
**Infinitive**БытьПобыть
**Present Tense**  
1st Person Singularесть 
2nd Person Singularесть 
3rd Person Singularесть 
1st Person Pluralесть 
2nd Person Pluralесть 
3rd Person Pluralесть 
**Past Tense **  
MasculineБылПобыл
FeminineБылаПобыла
NeuterБылоПобыло
PluralБылиПобыли
**Future Tense **  
1st Person SingularБудуПобуду
2nd Person SingularБудешьПобудешь
3rd Person SingularБудетПобудет
1st Person PluralБудемПобудем
2nd Person PluralБудетеПобудете
3rd Person PluralБудутПобудут
**Command Form **  
InformalБудьПобудь
FormalБудьтеПобудьте
**Subjunctive Mood**  
Masculineбыл быпобыл бы
Feminineбыла быпобыла бы
Neuterбыло быпобыло бы
Pluralбыли быпобыли бы
**Derivatives**  
Present Active Participleсущий 
Past Active Participleбывшийпобывший
Verbal Adverb (Gerund)будучипобыв

Sample sentences:

  • I am often in Moscow.
  • Я часто бываю в Москве.
  • The dogs were running along with their tails between their legs.
  • Собаки Был вместе с их хвосты между ног.
  • They will be in Russia the next month.
  • Они будут в России в следующем месяце.
🇷🇺 BLACK FRIDAY Russian Course SALE

One of the most popular and comprehensive online Russian language courses is currently running a massive Black Friday sale on their Russian course levels.

60% OFF - 3 DAYS ONLY

(they have a free trial period too)

LEARN MORE

Author: Alina
"Другой язык - это другой взгляд на жизнь."
Learn Russian here.

Make sure to subscribe.