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Russian Grammar: Pronouns

Definition: A pronoun is a word that can substitute a noun, so as not to repeat the latter unnecessarily; in Russian, pronouns are many because they vary depending on the grammatical case (nominative, accusative, dative, instrumental or prepositional).

Pronouns in Russian

NominativePronunciationAccusative Pronunciation
IЯYAМеняMenya
YouТыTyТебяTebya
HeОнOnЕгоYego
SheОнаOnaЕёYeë
ItОноOnoЕгоYego
WeМыMyНасNas
TheyОниOniИхIh
YouВыVyВасVas
GenitivePronunciationDativePronunciation
IМеняMenyaМнеMne
YouТебяTebyaТебеTebe
HeЕгоYegoЕмуYemu
SheЕёYeëЕйYeĭ
ItЕгоYegoЕмуYemu
WeНасNasНамNam
TheyИхIhИмIm
YouВасVasВамVam
Instrumental PronunciationPrepositional Pronunciation
IМнойMnoĭМнеMne
YouТобойToboĭТебеTebe
HeИмImНёмNëm
SheЕйYeĭНейNyeĭ
ItИмImНёмNëm
WeНамиNamiНасNas
TheyИмиImiНихNih
YouВамиVamiВасVas

Examples:

  • They love animals (Nominative case - basic).
  • они любят животных.
  • Oni lyubyat zhivotnik.
  • I admire him (Accusative case - refers to a direct object).
  • я восхищаюсь им.
  • Ya voskischayus im.
  • I have a sister. (Genitive case - denotes possession; always proceeded by y).
  • у меня есть сестра.
  • U menya est sestra.
  • Anna gave him a kiss (Dative case - refers to an indirect object).
  • она подарила ему поцелуй.
  • Ona podarila yemu potselui.
  • Ivan will come with us (Instrumental case - indicating with + person).
  • Иван будет идти с нами.
  • Ivan budet idti snami.
  • They talked about her (Prepositional case - indicating about + person)
  • они говорили о ней.
  • Oni govorili o nyei.

Author: Alina
"Другой язык - это другой взгляд на жизнь."
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