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Russian Grammar: Adverbs

DEFINITION:

Adverbs modify a verb, a noun, an adjective, another adverb or an entire sentence. In Russian language adverbs are usually placed before the verb they modify.

Two major divisions are between:

  • Suffixed.
  • None suffixed.

Types of Adverbs

Adverbs of manner

Adverbs of manner are the most common and are used in a wide variety of situations.

**English****Russian****Pronunciation**
carefully **осторожно***ostorozhno*
correctly **правильно***pravilʹno*
eagerly **горячо***goryacho*
easily **легко***legko*
fast **быстро***bystro*
loudly **громко***gromko*
patiently **терпеливо***terpelivo*
quickly **быстро***bystro*
quietly **спокойно ***spokoĭno*
well **хорошо***horosho*

Examples:

  • Peter's car is very fast.

  • Автомобиль Петра очень быстро.

  • Avtomobilʹ Petra ochenʹ bystro.

  • Maria and Ramiro were listening to music carefully

  • Мария и Рамиро слушали музыку внимательно

  • Mariya i Ramiro slushali muzyku vnimatel'no

Adverbs of frequency

Describe how often something happens.

**English****Russian****Pronunciation**
always **всегда***vsegda*
every **каждый***kazhdyi*
never **никогда***nikogda*
often **часто***chasto*
rarely **редко***redko*
seldom **редко***redko*
sometimes **иногда***inogda*
usually **обычно***obychno*

Examples:

  • How often does she go to the gym?

  • часто ли она пойти в спортзал?

  • Chasto li ona poiti v sportzal?

  • I will never forget it

  • Я никогда этого не забуду.

  • YA nikogda etogo ne zabudu!

Adverbs of time

Adverbs of time, indicate the period that lasts an action or when this action is performed with respect to time.

**English****Russian****Pronunciation**
after **после***posle*
already **уже***uzhe*
during **во время***vo vremya*
finally **в конце концов***v kontse kontsov*
just **просто***prosto*
last **последний***posledniĭ*
next **следующий***sleduyushchiĭ*
now **сейчас***syeĭchas*
recently **в последнее время***v poslednyee vremya*
soon **скоро***skoro*
then **затем***zatem*
tomorrow **завтра***zavtra*
when **когда***kogda*
while **в то время как***v to vremya kak*
yesterday**вчера***vchera*

Examples:

  • I will marry with Mariella tomorrow.

  • Я буду вступать в брак с Mariella завтра.

  • YA budu vstupat' v brak s Mariella zavtra..

  • I will eat after Juana.

  • Я буду есть после Хуана.

  • YA budu yest' posle Huana.

Adverbs of place

Adverbs of place show where action is performed.

**English****Russian****Pronunciation**
abroad за границу*za granitsu*
anywhere где угодно*gde ugodno*
downstairs вниз*vniz*
here здесь*zdesʹ*
home домой*domoĭ*
in в*v*
nowhere нигде*nigde*
out из*iz*
outside за пределами*za predelami*
somewhere где-то*gde-to*
there там*tam*
underground под землей*pod zemlyeĭ*
upstairs наверх*naverh*

Examples:

  • She wants to study abroad.

  • Она хочет учиться за границей.

  • Ona hochet uchitsya za granitsyeĭ.

  • Here we go!

  • здесь мы идем!

  • zdesʹ my idem !


Author: Alina
"Другой язык - это другой взгляд на жизнь."
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